Did your federal income tax return for last year indicate that you had health coverage through the Marketplace (Obamacare) and/or you owe IRS a repayment of premium tax credit, but you did not sign up for coverage?
If you were enrolled in a health plan in the Marketplace by another person (an insurance agent or broker) without your consent and knowledge, you should report this to the Marketplace and submit the claim for agent fraud.
Please follow these steps:
- Call the Health Insurance Marketplace (aka Obamacare) Call Center at 1-800-318-2596 to find the status of your enrollment. Even if you did not sign up of your own will, you may owe the IRS money back for premium tax credits you received.
- If the Marketplace reports you did not have coverage in 2022 and/or 2023, there is nothing else you need to do.
- If the Marketplace confirms you had coverage that you did not consent to AND you did not use this coverage for your doctor or hospital visits, follow these steps:
- Report your enrollment without consent and submit an agent fraud claim so that your coverage may be terminated retroactively. Ask the Marketplace to cancel any current active coverage you were fraudulently enrolled in, so that you do not continue receiving premium tax credits that you may not be eligible for.
- Next, the Marketplace will investigate your claim. This will take at least 30 days but may take longer. Upon investigation, you will receive a letter with the fraud claim resolution. You can call the Marketplace to check on the status of the claim if you do not hear from them within 30 days.
- Depending on the fraud claim outcome, you may receive an amended 1095A tax form that you may need to file with your federal income tax return. Make sure the Marketplace has the correct mailing address for you. Charlotte Center for Legal Advocacy Low-Income Taxpayer Clinic may be able to provide guidance with tax questions regarding your 1095A form. You can contact the clinic at 980-202-7329.
- It is recommended that you file an agent fraud claim with the NC Department of Insurance as well. Visit ncdoi.gov or call 919-807-6840 (Toll-Free 888-680-7684).
- If you believe your identity has been stolen, you should report it to IdentityTheft.gov.
- If you have questions about this process or your options for health coverage, Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Navigators can help. Call 980- 256-3782 for free assistance.
Health Insurance Navigators can help you with this process. You can call 980- 256-3782 for free assistance.
Health Insurance Navigators are licensed by the Center for Medicaid and Medicare, a federal agency that also administers Health Insurance Marketplace. Their services are free for everyone, and they do not get any financial incentives for their assistance. They help consumers understand what health options they are eligible for and assist with enrollment in Medicaid and Marketplace coverage. They cannot choose a health plan for you but can help answer questions about health coverage and guide a consumer through the enrollment process. Navigator services include reasonable accommodations for non-English speaking consumers or consumers with visual, hearing, or other impairments with no cost to consumers.
Why is it important to report fraudulent enrollment in Marketplace coverage?
Every time someone applies for coverage through Marketplace, they are also applying for government financial assistance through advance premium tax credit to help lower your monthly health insurance payment (or “premium”). Advance Premium Tax Credit is approved based on the estimate of your expected income, the tax filing status, and other criteria for the year you will have coverage. This is reported on your Marketplace application.
If you qualify for a premium tax credit based on your estimate, tax filing status, and ineligibility for other health coverage, you can use it to lower the cost of your monthly premium for the plan you enrolled in.
You are legally required to file a federal income tax return for the year you had Marketplace coverage and reconcile the advance premium tax credit with your actual income for that year:
- If at the end of the year you have received more premium tax credit than you are due based on your final income, you will have to pay back the excess when you file your federal tax return.
- If you have received less than you qualify for, you will get the difference back.
If you were eligible for premium tax credits when you had coverage on Marketplace and you received the correct amount, all you need to do is submit this information with your tax return.
There are several reasons someone is not eligible for premium tax credits, for example you may not have an eligible immigration status, or you had an offer of or enrolled in an employer sponsored insurance (some exceptions apply). If you were eligible/ enrolled in Medicaid, Medicare, or other health coverage that meets the minimum essential coverage requirement, you WERE NOT eligible for premium tax credits.
What is not a fraudulent enrollment?
You cannot claim that you were fraudulently enrolled in a Marketplace health plan if:
- You agreed to be enrolled in Marketplace plan after you talked to a health insurance agent or broker.
- You willingly enrolled into the Marketplace plan with the help of an agent/broker, but later changed your mind and decided you do not want this coverage.
- You used your Marketplace health plan at any point to cover the cost of any medical services provided during the coverage year to you or any other tax household member listed on your Marketplace application.
- Your health plan premium cost was not fully subsidized (you were paying a portion of the premium).
What If I was enrolled in health coverage on Marketplace without my consent, but now I want to keep it?
If you have been enrolled without consent on Marketplace health plan for 2023 and you decide that you may want to keep that plan, you should:
- Ask the Marketplace representative for the details of the plan (monthly premium, deductible amount, copays amount, out-of-maximum amount for 2023) so that you can understand the cost of this coverage and make an informed decision.
- Ask the representative to update your 2023 application to make sure you report any offer of insurance elsewhere (employer sponsored insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, TRICARE or VA Healthcare, etc..), your accurate tax filing status and your income for coverage year to make sure you will receive an accurate premium tax credit to lower you monthly premium. *Please note that if you are legally married you will need to include your spouse’s income on the Marketplace application and file jointly with your spouse for the year you had coverage, even if you do not live with your spouse. Some exceptions apply.
- If your employer offers health insurance, you are not eligible to be on Marketplace and receive premium tax credit unless the lowest premium cost of the plan your employer offers is more than 9.12% of your income.
- If you already enrolled in health insurance offered by your employer (or are eligible for any other minimum essential coverage, e.g., Medicaid, Medicare, or TRICARE), you are NOT eligible for Marketplace coverage and you should immediately cancel the Marketplace plan you were enrolled in for 2023. Otherwise, you may have to re-pay your premium tax credit when you file taxes.
- Make sure Marketplace has correct contact information to mail you your 1095A for 2023 coverage.
- Use your 1095A to reconcile any premium tax credits you received on your federal tax return.